There are many skincare products available for the treatment of hyperpigmentation. However, most of these have either proven to be less effective or come with serious side effects. Azelaic acid is a skincare ingredient that has recently gained popularity because of its effectiveness and negligible side effects. It is well-known as a natural remedy for acne and is used in combination with other such as benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin for the treatment of acne vulgaris, also known as common acne. Apart from its excellent anti-acne properties, azelaic acid has been found to be an effective for the treatment of hyperpigmentation. Let’s take a deeper look at this new wonder skincare product!
What is Azelaic Acid?
Azelaic Acid is an acid derived from grains like wheat, rye, and barley. It is used for the treatment of mild to moderate acne and is also used for the treatment of hyperpigmentation. Indeed, it has been found to be more effective for the latter than for acne.
How does it work?
Azelaic acid works by inhibiting the synthesis of tyrosinase, the enzyme responsible for the production of melanin. The result is a whitening of the skin, as the darker melanin is cleared out of the skin. This drug is also a weak comedolytic agent, which means that it helps in the reduction of acne lesions by preventing the clogging of pores. Another theory about how this drug works is that it may be an immunomodulator, a substance that stimulates or suppresses the immune system and may help the body fight infection, or other diseases.
How effective is Azelaic Acid for hyperpigmentation?
A study published in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology shows that azelaic was very effective for treating pigmentation problems and also acne severity. This study revealed early onset of azelaic acid action in both acne and hyperpigmentation when use for a month were it is being apply twice-daily. After three months of applying, 98% acne, inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne lesion was reduced. And by the end of 16 week study, the severity and distribution of hyperpigmentation on the 67% participants was disappear. Azelaic Acid has been found safe and effective treatment for hyperpigmentation.
Side effects of Azelaic Acid
The side effects of azelaic acid are very minimal. They may include itching, minimal dryness, redness and minor irritation. But then the side effect will subside as the body adjust to Azelaic Acid.
Which brings us to our final verdict
All in all, azelaic acid is an excellent choice for the treatment of hyperpigmentation. It is effective, safe, and has minimal side effects. If you are looking for a long-term solution for hyperpigmentation, then azelaic acid is the best choice.